Fostering Innovation with Data

Fostering Innovation with Data: Driving Data-driven Innovation with Decentralisation, Federation, and Self-Serve Access

Driving Data-driven Innovation with Decentralisation, Federation, and Self-Serve Access

In the digital age, data has emerged as the lifeblood of organisations, driving strategic decision-making and fostering innovation. To fully harness the power of data, organisations must adopt transformative principles such as data decentralisation, data governance federation, data-as-a-product, and self-serve data access. These principles pave the way for effective data management, allowing businesses to unlock new possibilities and fuel their journey towards innovation. In this article, we explore the significance of these principles and their impact on data usage within organisations while drawing a contrast between the concept of Data Mesh (1) and Data Virtualisation (2).

Data Decentralisation:

The principle of data decentralisation emphasises distributing data ownership and management across various business units and teams. By breaking down data silos, organisations empower individuals with direct control over their data, enabling faster and more accurate decision-making. As outlined in the Data Mesh approach, this concept fosters a culture of data collaboration, where each unit operates as a product team responsible for its data domain, allowing for scalability and agility. In contrast, Data Virtualisation, as proposed by Denodo, focuses on providing a unified virtual view of data, which can lead to potential bottlenecks and centralised control, hindering innovation.

Data Governance Federation:

The federation of data governance ensures that while individual teams manage their data, there exists a cohesive framework governing data practices across the organisation. This ensures compliance with regulations, data quality standards, and data security protocols. The Data Mesh principle aligns with this approach by emphasising the formation of domain-oriented data teams responsible for defining and enforcing data contracts. On the other hand, Data Virtualisation may encounter challenges in maintaining consistent governance standards, as virtualised data may not always adhere to centralised governance policies.


Treating data as a product implies that data producers create high-quality data with well-defined attributes, fostering a data-driven mindset within the organisation. Data Mesh advocates for the establishment of data products, complete with APIs and self-descriptive data formats, enhancing the ease of data consumption. In contrast, Data Virtualisation focuses on data abstraction and may not inherently promote the data-as-a-product mindset, potentially limiting the realisation of data’s full value.

Self-Serve Data Access:

Empowering users with self-serve data access empowers them to explore, analyse, and derive insights from data without constant reliance on data engineers or specialists. Embracing self-serve data access aligns with the Data Mesh philosophy, enabling teams to access and utilise the data products seamlessly. Data Virtualisation offers self-serve capabilities too, but its centralised architecture may introduce performance challenges as data volumes increase.


Embracing the principles of data decentralisation, data governance federation, data-as-a-product, and self-serve data access is paramount for organisations aspiring to drive innovation through data. The Data Mesh approach, with its focus on domain-oriented data teams, promotes a culture of collaboration and ownership, paving the way for efficient and innovative data utilisation. While Data Virtualisation also has its advantages in data integration, its centralised approach may pose challenges to scalability and individual ownership. By understanding and implementing the right principles, organisations can unleash the true potential of their data, fostering a thriving culture of innovation and growth.


1. Data Mesh Principles and Logical Architecture

2. What is Data Virtualisation?